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Sunday, May 3, 2020 | History

1 edition of Female circumcision, excision and infibulation found in the catalog.

Female circumcision, excision and infibulation

Female circumcision, excision and infibulation

the facts and proposals for change

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Published by Minority Rights Group in London .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Statementedited by Scilla McLean ; with contributions fromMarie Assaad... [et al].
SeriesMinority Rights Group Report -- no. 47
ContributionsMcLean, Scilla., Minority Rights Group.
The Physical Object
Pagination20p. :
Number of Pages20
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL14152784M

FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION In Africa, The Middle East & Far East Summary: Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is a destructive, invasive procedure that is usually performed on girls before puberty. Part or all of the clitoris is surgically removed. This leaves them with reduced or no sexual feeling. Such agreement is ethically invalid because it either lacks voluntariness or is based on aninadequate understanding of the true nature of the cinemavog-legrauduroi.comUCTIONFEMALE CIRCUMCISION' is a phrase that loosely refers to three related but distinct practices:clitoridectomy or clitoral excision, female circumcision, and infibulation or Pharaonic.

Female Genital Mutilation – Violating Women’s Rights and Bodies Female Genital Mutilation is often abbreviated “FGM” and is also known as Female Genital Cutting (FGC) or Female Circumcision. According to the World Health Organization, there are 4 major types of practices. The most common one is the Clitoridectomy, a partial or total removal of the clitoris. commonly called infibulation or pharaonic circumcision, is the removal of all external genitalia. The inner and outer labia are cut away, with or without excision of the clitoris. The girl's legs are then tied together from hip to ankle for up to 40 days to allow the wound to heal.

May 04,  · Finally, we should also want to make it clear that female genital mutilation was and still is practiced among whites, and in the white world at large, in the West (see Sarah Rodriguez’s book. Female circumcision in Africa and the problem of cross-cultural perspectives by Dr. Adeline Apena History Dept., Russell Sage College, Troy NY. Female circumcision, described as female genital mutilation in Western discourse, has been actively addressed in recent years.


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Female circumcision, excision and infibulation Download PDF EPUB FB2

Female excision, also known as female circumcision, is a euphemism for a variety of genital surgical procedures. It is a time-honored cultural tradition that has recently come under intense international scrutiny.

Practices of genital alteration have existed in recent times in Australia, Asia, Latin America, America, and Europe. Female genital mutilation (FGM), also known as female genital cutting and female circumcision, is the ritual cutting or removal of some or all of the external female cinemavog-legrauduroi.com practice is found in Africa, Asia and the Female circumcision East, and within communities from countries in which FGM is cinemavog-legrauduroi.com: Africa, Southeast Asia, Middle East, and.

Sep 09,  · I had looked at a lot of research regarding female circumcision and was prepared to write paper loaded with righteous indignation over the practice.

But, before I had even finished the introduction, my viewpoint was changing. This book made me look at the practice of female circumcision with a much less biased cinemavog-legrauduroi.com by: Add tags for "Female circumcision, excision, and infibulation: the facts and proposal for change".

Be the first. Get this from a library. Female genital mutilation, excision and infibulation: a bibliography. [Lilian Passmore Sanderson]. Infibulation, or pharaonic circumcision with excision of the clitoris, labia minora, and two thirds of the labia majora, is the most dramatic procedure and that associated with the most short- and long-term complications.

The raw vulvar edges are reapproximated with suture or twigs, leaving a small posterior hole for efflux of urine and menses. Female circumcision is another Female circumcision for the procedure as well.

& excision, except in areas bordering Sudan & Somalia, where infibulation is practiced Gambia % avg. ; excision, infibulation (small %) almost %, the Fula and Sarah uli women Ghana % excision Guinea % clitoridectomy, excision, & infibulation Guinea-Bissau 50%.

Female genital mutilation is the only term that fully encompasses what actually happens. Circumcision excludes excision and infibulation. Female genital cutting excludes infibulation. The term "Female Circumcision" is a misnomer when it refers to anything besides the removal of the clitoral hood.

"Female Circumcision" obscures the facts. Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a procedure where the female genitals are deliberately cut, injured or changed, but there's no medical reason for this to be done. It's also known as female circumcision or cutting, and by other terms, such as sunna, gudniin, halalays, tahur, megrez and khitan, among others.

So-called female circumcision, in the form of excision of the labia minora and clitoris (clitoridectomy) aimed at destroying sexual sensation, is known in Islam (although it is a cultural, not a religious practice) and in certain societies of Africa, South America, and elsewhere.

Infibulation: Female Mutilation in Islamic Northeastern Africa (Revised and Expanded Edition) by Hicks and a great selection of related books, art and collectibles available now at cinemavog-legrauduroi.com Jun 01,  · Clitoridectomy and infibulation, commonly known as female circumcision, are practices found in many African cultures.

The reasons for their development are not known. They are deeply embedded, however, in cultures where they occur because they affect the very definition of what it is to be female.

Many Africans and Westerners feel that the practices are harmful but efforts to eradicate. Jul 01,  · In the late 's the Project LAG in Nara started a sensibilisation programme to fight against the practice of female circumcision in the villages of our intervention zone (commonly called FGM Female Genital Mutilation in the Western world).

The History Of Female Circumcision (FGM) In Type 3 excision or infibulation elderly women. Pharaonic circumcision or infibulation, refers to the removal of all external genitalia and the sewing of the remaining parts of outer lips, only leaving a small hole for urine and menstrual flow, whereas Sunna-circumcision is the excision of all or part of the clitoris.

whereas Sunna-circumcision is the excision of all or part of the. Jun 08,  · FGM is a broad term that encapsulates different types of female circumcision—clitoridectomy, excision, infibulation, and other forms such as incising, scraping, or pricking the genital area.

Let. New York State Raises Awareness About Female Circumcision (FC) What is Female Circumcision. It is the practice of removing either part or all of the external female genitalia.

While it may be a deeply rooted practice, it is not performed for medical reasons. It is done for religious, social or cultural reasons. Contrary to the facile correlation of Islam and female circumcision evidenced in Esther K.

Hicks's Infibulation: Female Mutilation in Islamic Northeast Africa (), extensive ethnographic studies and demographic reports have demonstrated that people across religious affiliations share the notion that female circumcision is an act of.

Female infibulation, known as Type III female genital mutilation by the World Health Organization and as pharaonic circumcision in Africa, is the removal of the inner and outer labia, and the suturing of the vulva.

It is mostly practised in northeastern Africa, particularly Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia and Sudan. This unique book will assist those who care for women and girls who have had, or are at risk of having female genital mutilation. It focuses on caring for both physical and mental needs of the vulnerable or suffering and maintains an understanding, holistic and objective approach to the current situation.

It contains colour plates, illustrations, photos and graphs. Type 2 FGM Excision: partial or total removal of the clitoris and the labia minora, with or without excision of the labia majora (the labia are the ‘lips’ that surround the vagina).

This practice is extremely painful and distressing, damages sexually sensitive skin and is an infection risk. Infibulation is the most extreme form of female circumcision.

It plays an important role in the Islamic societies of northeastern Africa. Until now, the social significance and function of this practice has been poorly understood. This has been no less true of Western commentators who have condemned the practice than of relevant governments that have attempted to curb it.Type 3.

Type 3 Excision of part of or all of the external genitals (“infibulation”, also referred to as “Pharaonic Circumcision”). Afterwards the remaining parts of the outer lips are sewn together leaving a small hole for urine and menstrual flow. The scar needs to be opened before intercourse or giving birth, which causes additional pain.Dec 06,  · The painful and often deadly practice of female circumcision affects millions of women in Africa.

Excision of the skin surrounding the clitoris with or without excision of part or all of the.