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Thursday, May 7, 2020 | History

4 edition of Rare Earth Elements and Yttrium in Wyoming found in the catalog.

Rare Earth Elements and Yttrium in Wyoming

From Oddities to Resources

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  • 19 Currently reading

Published by Wyoming Geological Association in Laramie, Wyoming .
Written in English


About the Edition

Mineral Resources of Wyoming, Wyoming Geological Association Guidebook

The Physical Object
FormatHardcover
Paginationp.49-70
Number of Pages264
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL25118545M

the heavy rare earth elements (HREE) — gadolinium through to lutetium and yttrium (Table 1). Yttrium is usually grouped with the HREE because of its chemical similarity. The division is somewhat arbitrary and the term middle REE (MREE) is sometimes used to refer to those elements between europium to dysprosium (Samson and Wood, ). The concentrations of light rare earth elements (LREE) such as La, Ce, and Nd, however, tended towards the higher end of the concentration range whereas, the concentrations of middle rare earth elements (MREE) (Sm and Eu) and heavy rare earth elements (HREE) (Lu) were closer to the lower end of the observed range for North American fly ashes.

Rare earth elements (REEs) are a group of 15 chemical elements in the periodic table, specifically the lanthanides. Two other elements, scandium and yttrium, have a similar physiochemistry to the lanthanides, are commonly found in the same mineral assemblages, and are often referred to as REEs. Although relatively. Other deposits include hematite-breccia complex deposits, magmatic-hydrothermal uranium in iron-oxide Cu-Au deposits and quartz-pebble conglomerate deposits (World Nuclear, ). Thorium is mined in conjunction with uranium, so much that estimates of reserves for these elements are made based off of uranium content.

The rare earth elements are all metals, and the group is also called the “rare earth metals.” They have many similar properties that often cause them to be found together in geologic deposits. They are also referred to as “rare earth oxides” because many of them are typically sold as oxide compounds. The rare earth elements (REE), or lanthanides, comprise the 16 consecutive elements of the periodic table corresponding to the progressive filling of the 4f orbitals. They are metals with atomic numbers from 57 to 71 (La to Lu, family of lanthanides), plus the element yttrium (Y) (Table 1). Their abundance in rocks is less than wt%.


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Rare Earth Elements and Yttrium in Wyoming Download PDF EPUB FB2

Rare Element Resources Ltd. is a publicly traded mineral resource company focused on exploration and development of rare-earth element deposits that carry a favorable distribution of critical rare earths.

The Company is advancing development of the % owned Bear Lodge Project, located in. Wyoming's Rare Earth Elements. The most recent study on rare earth elements (REEs) in Wyoming, WSGS Report of Investigations No.

71,is a comprehensive report of past WSGS work as well as additional data gathered in The goal for RI was to provide further geological analysis, beyond our previous WSGS Report of Investigations No.

65, on potential deposits and to characterize and. This book deals with the rare earth elements (REE), which are a series of 17 transition metals: scandium, yttrium and the lanthanide series of elements (lanthanum, cerium, praseodymium, neodymium, promethium, samarium, europium, gadolinium, terbium, dysprosium, holmium.

One particularly entrepreneurial idea is to extract so-called "critical" rare earth elements such as neodymium, europium, terbium, dysprosium, yttrium and erbium from the burned coal. The Department of Energy has identified these globally scarce metals as a priority for their uses in clean energy and other emerging technologies.

Yttrium is a chemical element with the symbol Y and atomic number It is a silvery-metallic transition metal chemically similar to the lanthanides and has often been classified as a "rare-earth element".

Yttrium is almost always found in combination with lanthanide elements in rare-earth minerals, and is never found in nature as a free element. 89 Y is the only stable isotope, and the only Pronunciation: /ˈɪtriəm/ ​(IT-ree-əm). Rare Earth Elements.

Sort by: Rare Earth Elements and Yttrium in Wyoming () Report on Field Examination of Allanite Deposits, Natrona County, Wyoming () Wyoming () A Comprehensive Report on Rare Earth Elements in Wyoming () Critical Minerals in Wyoming—Summary Report () Lithium Resources in Wyoming () Natrona.

The rare earth elements (REE) have potential as tracers in geothermal systems, but the scarcity of data on REE systematics in thermal waters, and on REE mineral solubility and complex stability at elevated temperatures and pressures, has impeded progress. In this paper, information relevant to the use of REE in geothermal systems is reviewed.

This book deals with the rare earth elements (REE), which are a series of 17 transition metals: scandium, yttrium and the lanthanide series of elements (lanthanum. This book deals with the rare earth elements (REE), which are a series of 17 transition metals: scandium, yttrium and the lanthanide series of elements (lanthanum, cerium, praseodymium, neodymium, pro.

Rare earth elements (REEs) form a chemically uniform group with very similar physical and chemical properties. The REEs include the elements scandium, yttrium, and the lanthanides from lanthanum.

Sutherland, W.M., and Cola, E.C.,A comprehensive report on rare earth elements in Wyoming: Wyoming State Geological Survey Report of Investigati. Rare earth elements-bearing minerals, once separated, contain as many as 14 individual rare earth elements (lanthanides and yttrium) that must be further separated and refined.

The complexity of extracting and refining rare earth elements is illustrated by a metallurgical flow sheet for the Mountain Pass mine in California (fig. This book deals with the rare earth elements (REE), which are a series of 17 transition metals: scandium, yttrium and the lanthanide series of elements (lanthanum Brand: J.H.L.

Voncken. Rare earth elements were produced from pegmatites in the U.S., including New Mexico, before California’s Mountain Pass mine began produc-tion of rare earth elements in but closed in because of environ-mental problems and the availability of cheaper supplies of rare earth elements from China.

Molycorp, Inc., plans toFile Size: 3MB. Rare earth elements and yttrium in geothermal fluids Abstract The series of rare earth elements and yttrium (REY) is a useful tool in tracing the origin of fluids, which is fundamental in understanding any fluid-rock system.

The suite of REY enables to study the File Size: KB. together with yttrium (Y, atomic number 39) and scandium (Sc, atomic number 21). All have similar chemical properties. The lower atomic weight elements lanthanum to samarium (Sm), with atomic numbers 57 to 62, are referred to as the light rare earth elements (LREE); while europium (Eu) to lutetium, with atomic numbers 63 to 71, are the heavy File Size: KB.

To find economic rare earth element ion-adsorption clay deposits in the U.S., we must determine the very specific source rock types and geochemical parameters necessary for the mass transfer, accumulation, and, most importantly, the retention of adsorbed heavy rare earth elements and yttrium in regolith.

Brazilian rare earth element (REE) deposits are associated with carbonatite–alkaline complexes, granitic intrusions, and marine placers. The Araxá project is an example of an REE deposit associated with alkaline carbonatite rocks; it has an estimated resource higher than 40 million tons (Mt) of % REE 2 O 3 as a byproduct of niobium tailings and is the most advanced REE project in by: 2.

two groups: light rare earth elements (LREEs)—lanthanum through europium (atomic numbers ) and the heavier rare earth elements (HREEs)—gadolinium through lutetium (atomic numbers ).

Yttrium is typically classified as a heavy element.4 Major End Uses and Applications. Inworld production of rare earth elements totaledmetric tons, with China producing 95% of the world’s total. The U.S. currently imports all of its rare earths from China, France Author: Ross Toro. However, in the confusion arising from the similarity in the properties of the rare-earth elements, the names of two, terbium and erbium, became interchanged (around ).

After Mossander's work, other chemists attempted to isolate other rare earths, but there were proved to .The Rare-Earth Elements— Vital to Modern Technologies and Lifestyles.

Until recently, the rare-earth elements (REEs) were familiar to a relatively small number of people, such as chemists, geologists, specialized materials.

scientists, and engineers. In the 21st century, the REEs have gained visibilityCited by: Recently economist Paul Krugman complained that “China accounts for 97 percent of the world’s supply of minerals that play an essential role in many high-tech products, including military equipment.” He was writing about Rare Earth Elements (REE).

There are 17 naturally occurring rare earth elements: yttrium, scandium, lanthanum, cerium, praseodymium, neodymium, promethium, samarium.